In the last four and half years and years at the helm of the largest democracy in the world, Narendra Modi has delivered good governance aimed at the betterment of India as a whole, the performance has been largely positive. Despite several disruptions
When BJP swept the 2014 general elections the single most factor that was responsible for such a landslide victory was one man named: NARENDRA DAMODARADAS MODI. The current of the “Modi Wave” was so powerful, that it swept away not only Congress but the entire opposition winning a massive 282 seats on its own. A remarkable feat achieved for the first time by a non-Congress party in the post-independence era.
The victory also marked the beginning of the decline of Congress and in the next four years the Saffron party simply extended its reign and today rules over 70 percent of India. Going by data from Census 2011, the cumulative population of NDA-ruled states is 849,825,030 (70.18 per cent of India’s population), which is over nine times that of the states ruled by the Congress and its allies (91,183,794, or 7.53%; not counting Meghalaya). Seven of the country’s 10 most populous states as per Census 2011 are now NDA-ruled: Uttar Pradesh (199 million), Maharashtra (112 million), Bihar (104 million), Andhra Pradesh (84 million), Madhya Pradesh (72 million), Rajasthan (68 million), and Gujarat (60 million). The other three states are Trinamool Congress-ruled West Bengal, Karnataka, and AIADMK-ruled Tamil Nadu.
In 2014, when the Narendra Modi government came to power, the BJP ruled just seven states. Today BJP rules or shares in 21 states. In 2014, the Congress was in power in 13 states. It is now down to four — Punjab, Karnataka, Mizoram, and Puducherry. The BJP now rules all four of the original BIMARU states, which are the fastest-growing, as well as states that are hubs of industrial activity (including Gujarat, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand and Andhra Pradesh).
When Modi became the 14th Prime Minister of India, there were lot of scepticism both nationally and internationally about the new government. The international press labelled him as “Hindu Nationalist “and questioned the ability to govern such a diverse nation as India. Some even raised doubts about the secular credentials of the BJP and warned minorities living in India
But, now after four and half years, Modi has emerged not only as a strong leader of the BJP but as the most powerful statesman who can take forward the country. Incidentally, Modi will become only the second non-Congress Prime Minister after his mentor and BJP stalwart Atal Bihari Vajpayee to complete the full term. As the nation braces for the general election in early 2019, BJP hopes that the achievements of Modi sarkar will stand testimony and pave the way for another successful term in offices.
Before getting in to the details of major reforms and the overall economic development of the country, indeed the four and half years of NDA rule under Modi has been phenomenal, from the common man’s perspective simply because unlike the ten years rule of UPA, there has not been a SINGLE scam involving any of the cabinet ministers as well as top BJP leaders.
Compared to the scam tainted UPA government which ultimately lead to ‘policy paralysis’, Modi’s government has been proactive and decisive right from the start and continue to focus on good governance towards the betterment of the nation.
Some of the major reforms initiated by Modi as Prime Minister of India:
The efforts towards making India a more lucrative destination for companies has pushed the ranking of India from 140th to 100th in ease of doing business as ranked by the World Bank.
The “Swadeshi” movement is the one that triggered the spirit of Indian nationalism during India’s fight for independence from the British Raj. The strategy behind the movement was to revive domestic products by boycotting use of British products. The “Swadeshi” movement which gained momentum during the pre-Independence era was considered to be the seed for India’s freedom struggle. Mahatma Gandhi, described Swadeshi as the soul of Swaraj.
Modi’s “Make in India” is the second Swadeshi movement which was launched in September 2014. The aim of “Make in India” is to encourage Indian as well as multinational companies to manufacture in India, as well as to increase their investments and also increase the indigenous production processes. As a result, Modi’s government increased the Foreign Direct Investment to 100% in all 25 sectors except for space, defence and news media. The move paid off as a plethora of established companies decided to set up shop in India.
With emphasis on “Make in India” Modi government took a number of measures to attract foreign investment to the country. As a result the total FDI equity inflow received in the last 30 months since the launch of Make in India initiative is $ 99.72 billion, which is an increase of 62% compared to previous 30 months (April 2012 to September 2014 ( $ 61.41 billion). Manufacturing sectors witnessed a growth of 14% in comparison to previous 30 months (from $35.52 billion to $40.47 billion). Overall, the total FDI inflow increased by 51%, i.e. $137.44 billion in comparison to $90.98 billion of the previous 30 months before the launch of Make in India initiative.
India was instated as the top destination globally for FDI and also went up by 42 places on ‘Ease of Doing Business’ index and 32 places on World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Index.
The Japanese car company, Kia Motors made a maiden foray of into the Indian automobile sector by investing US $1.1 billion towards a car manufacturing plant in Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh. Thurst Aircraft Pvt Ltd has also signed a MoU with the Maharashtra government to build an aeroplane manufacturing plant with an investment of US $5.2 billion. Foxconn would be investing US $5 billion in the next five years for a research and manufacturing facility in Maharashtra. Saudi Arabian oil giant, Aramco has also signed a deal with a consortium of Indian refiners to build US $44 billion refineries on the West coast. Indian Army also announced an ammunition production project worth more than US $7.5 billion. It is interesting to note that under the ‘Make in India’ objective, defence ministry has saved more than Rs 1 lakh crore worth of foreign exchange. Further, the setting up of defence corridor in Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh is seen as a shot in the arm for “Make in India” campaign.
Digital India was hailed as an initiative futuristic initiative to digitally empower the country in the Internet era by the Modi government. Launched on 1st July 2015, Digital India ensured that the Government services are available to the every Indian electronically through better online infrastructure.
Through the initiative, the Government of India worked hard to narrow down the urban - rural divide in terms of technology services and ensured that the rural areas are connected with high-speed internet networks. Through the digital platforms the government made available a number of services that to the Indian citizens.
“mygov.in” is a platform which would enable the citizens to share their ideas and inputs on matters of government policies. Besides, applications such as ehospital, eSign, eSampark have all been launched to enable the citizens directly connect with the concerned government department and offices in a transparent manner and get their problems solved. Further, Digital Locker facility has been hailed as a well thought out initiative that helps Indian citizens to digitally store their important documents like PAN card, passport, mark sheets etc. Also, as a result more and more Indians are moving towards digital transactions every day and the country is undergoing a digital transformation.
The reception for Digital India has been fairly positive with more than the US $3.3 trillion being committed by Indian and foreign CEOs towards the groundbreaking initiative.
Undoubtedly Modi earned the distinction of being the master of diplomatic relations. He literally went out of the way to foster a healthy and friendly relationship with the foreigners, especially the neighbours – Pakistan and China. Under Modi, the NDA did bolster good relationship with several countries. India witnessed a considerable foreign policy shift under Modi and worked closely with countries which can benefit India. India made better alliance with Arab countries, Palestine, Israel, UAE and Afghanistan.
Modi displayed newfound assertiveness in foreign policy, combined with diligent alliance-building efforts. Despite the superiority of the military strength the Chinese had, Modi sent a strong message after Doklam standoff to China. Also, he made Indian stance very clear and made China to listen to India and initiate talks with Pakistan on CPEC. He handled the Indus water treaty diplomatically. Besides, Modi also made a significant headway into relationships with the European powerhouses – Germany and France and also USA.
He travelled to Australia, China, Japan, Thailand, Myanmar, Fiji, Vietnam, South Korea, Laos and Singapore in a bid to bolster relations in the Easter part of the world and also strengthened social and economic relations with the key partner, Japan.
Ever since, Modi came to power, he has been focusing more on boosting military firepower. Today India's defence budget makes it to top 5 in the world beating United Kingdom. Besides, Modi has given the Army more power to take real time decisions on its own.
When it comes to defence and national security, Modi government has always considered it as a topmost priority. Modi showed the political will to take the bull by its horn. The “surgical strike” on Pakistan is the moot point. India’s ‘surgical strikes’ on Pakistan was considered as a massive blow to our nagging neighbour Pakistan. .
He gave a nod to several pending projects and boosted the modernization of the defence equipments went on full spree. Modi fostered strong relations in defence equipment and manufacturing and went on to sign a multi-billion dollar deal with France to buy 36 Rafale fighter jets. He also liberalised foreign investment in defence sector had boosted defence production under the ‘Make in India’ initiative.
India has been presented as a country now with a strong political will to take all steps to ensure that all three services are equipped with necessary weapons and technology to combat the threat. It is no secret that our neighbour China is more aggressive on the military front. India can prove to be an effective counterweight against the China-Pakistan alliance, which is why Modi government’s Pakistan policy has largely been able to find Washington’s backing.
Probably Modi might have pulled a leaf out of his mentor Atal Bihari Vajpayee, who paved the way for the construction of “Golden Quadrilateral”, spanning 5,846 kilometres, connecting the four major cities Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkatta. Modi government focused on leveraging roads, railways and waterways to improve the overall infrastructure bring facilities in the country.
India has always been grappling with high logistics costs of 14% which made the exports uncompetitive vis-à-vis those of China, where logistics costs add up to just about 8-10%m . Modi government focused on to provide better connectivity across India with an integrated infrastructure development programme, which involves building of roads, railways, waterways and airports. The NDA government focused on creating infrastructure by leveraging roads, railways and waterways to bring India’s logistics costs down to 8% to make the economy competitive.
The Modi government pushed the infrastructure development with a raft of measures, including terminating projects, de-risking them and introducing the hybrid annuity model (HAM), wherein the government provides 40% of the project cost to the developer to start work, while the remaining investment has to be made by the developer. Close to 200 road projects worth about Rs 1.5 lakh crore likely to be completed by mid-2019.
Modi administration has made road construction a top priority. The government has set an ambitious target of building almost 45 km of roads per day – up from 9km/day just four years ago. In fact, it is one of the main election promises of the BJP to connect tribal hamlets with all-weather roads, improve village road infrastructure and connect the ports. Accordingly, the Modi government launched the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna to improve the quality of the village roads. The government pumped in Rs.19,000 crore into the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna. While the UPA government took 474 days to complete a project, the BJP government astoundingly took only 124 days.
The government rolled up ambitious plans, such as the Sagarmala (ports) and Bharatmala (roads), to improve the transport infrastructure. While the total investment for the Bharatmala project was pegged at Rs10 trillion, the largest ever outlay for a government road construction scheme, the country has envisaged Rs8 trillion of investment until 2035 under the Sagarmala programme.
Besides, on the civil aviation front it has taken several steps to boost airport capacity and improve regional connectivity to meet the rising demand for air travel. To put the required physical infrastructure in place, the Airports Authority of India has set a capital spending target of over Rs.20,000 crore till FY22. Over 70 un-served or under-served regional airports are being developed under the regional connectivity scheme with various concessions to airlines. This, along with a project to step up capacity under the NextGen Airports for Bharat (NABH) Nirman, is expected to help increase the number of air passengers from 265 million in 2017 to about one billion in 10-15 years.
National Health Protection Scheme (NHPS) touted to be the largest healthcare scheme in the world is definitely a game changer. The humongous healthcare project has been initiated to extend healthcare insurance to a whopping 100 million families across the country with a cover of Rs. 5 lakhs per family from the measly INR 30,000 per family currently prevalent under the Rashtriya Swastha Bima Yojna (RSBY). The “Ayushman Bharat National Health Protection Scheme” (AB-NHPS) is certainly a milestone for the Modi government as it caters to the cores of poor people of India who suffers without an insurance.
The 10 crore families or 50 crore beneficiaries, roughly 41.3% of the population, classified as 'deprived' in the socio-economic caste census (SECC) of 2011, will be covered by the NHPS. It will be a cashless Aadhaar-linked facility with beneficiaries availing treatment anywhere in the country in empanelled private or public hospitals. The secondary healthcare services include those provided by skilled medical practitioners, for outpatient treatment, or a brief stay at a hospital for serious illness. Tertiary care is for patients who are admitted to hospitals for longer bouts of illness and require the attention of specialist doctors. Tertiary care is extended to patients who are suffering from acute pain or terminal illness.
While for RSBY, the Central government pays 75% of the expense whilst the state covers the rest, the modalities have not been chalked out for AB-NHPS. AB-NHPS will require a massive expenditure of more than Rs. 1 lakh crore and the Modi government is geared up towards implementing the marvellous initiative towards building a healthy nation.
Modi government launched three social security schemes in 2015
Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY), Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY) and Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY).
One of the first major schemes launched by the BJP government under Modi, The Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) was launched during his first Independence Day speech in August 2014.
The scheme aims to make sure that every Indian has access to basic financial services like bank accounts, remittances, credit and pensions. Under the PMJDY scheme, a Guinness record of 1.5 crore bank accounts was opened on the very first day of the PMJDY scheme. The scheme is overseen by the Department of Financial Services, Ministry of Finance. The scheme provides everyone access to bank accounts with no minimum balance.
RuPay debit cards are also issued for the account holders, besides the account holders are provided an accidental insurance cover of INR 1 lakh. Further, the account holders are eligible for an overdraft facility of Rs. 5,000 from the bank after 6 months of operations.
The account holders can also check the balance and transfer funds using only a normal phone. Mobile banking is also possible through National Unified USSD Platform for which all banks and telecom companies have joined hands
As of April 2018, the number of account holders stands at 31.45 crores from 26.5 crores at the beginning of 2017 and the deposits in Jan Dhan accounts crossed the INR 8,000 crore mark. Also, PMJDY has ensured that individuals who receive various benefits under various government schemes like LPG subsidy and others can now receive the amount directly into their PMJDY accounts.
Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY) is a one-year life insurance scheme, renewable from year to year, offering coverage for death and the
benefit will accrue to the nominee. Under PMJJBY scheme, life cover of Rs. 2 lakhs is available at a premium of Rs.330 per annum per member. The cover period is 1st June of each year to 31st May of subsequent year. As on May 14, 2018, nearly 5.35 crore people had enrolled under PMJJBY, and the total number of claims received till date were nearly 1,02,849. PMJJBY is available to people in the age group of 18 to 50 years (life cover up to age 55) having a savings bank account who give their consent to join and enable auto-debit.
Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY) is an accident insurance scheme and offers a one-year accidental death and disability cover, which can be renewed annually. The cover is for a one-year period starting June 1 to May 31 of subsequent year. Subscribers who wish to continue beyond the first year have to give their consent for auto debit before May 31 for successive years. As on May 14, 2018, nearly 13.53 crore people had enrolled under PMSBY, with almost 1.5 lakh joining it on a weekly basis. PMSBY provides the risk coverage of Rs 2 lakh for accidental death and permanent total disability and Rs 1 lakh for permanent partial disability.
With an aim to provide the overall institutional framework to rapidly implement and scale up skill development efforts across India, Modi Government launched the National Skill Development Mission. The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (earlier Department of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, first created in July 2014) was set up in November 2014 to drive the ‘Skill India’ agenda in a ‘Mission Mode’ in order to converge existing skill training initiatives and combine scale and quality of skilling efforts, with speed. The programme offered a passage for overseas employment through specific programmes mapped to global job requirements and benchmarked to international standards, by maintaining a national database, known as the Labour Market Information System (LMIS), which will act as a portal for matching the demand and supply of skilled workforce in the country. While, on one hand the LMIS provided the citizens with vital information on skilling initiatives across the country, on the other, it served as a platform for monitoring the performance of existing skill development programmes, running in every Indian state.
With nearly 65 per cent of the country’s population under the age of 35, National Skill Development Mission, Modi government gave it a top priority to create employment opportunities for the youth as well as create avenues to skill them in a structured manner to improve their employability. In order to develop skills and opportunity to meet the challenges and the government has been l working together with states in a structured manner to promote skill training as an alternative to higher education.
The ambitious National Skill India Mission project is a visionary attempt to fix the issue of jobless growth that has plagued India for decades. Through "Skill India" Modi government seeks to provide the institutional capacity to train a minimum of 300 million skilled people by the year 2022. The government has planned to tap the potential to emerge as the “human resource capital” of the world like China has become a global manufacturing factory.
Ever since Modi came to power, the government has been pushing for “multi-sectoral” reforms and as a result the overall business environment in the country has improved considerably. In the process the government launched several innovative schemes such as MUDRA scheme which is aimed at refinancing micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) and Start Up India aimed at hand holding the entrepreneurial ventures, by giving tax concessions for the initial 3 years and facilitating faster regulatory clearances are steps in the right direction that boost the economy. Also, GST, a path breaking legislation, potentially bolstered the economic growth. Besides, transparent allocations of coal blocks, spectrum and other natural resources have increased the legitimacy of the government.
Guided by the mantra of ‘Reform, Perform & Transform’ and due to sustained efforts, India surged ahead significantly in the World Bank’s global rankings on “Ease of Doing Business”. The Ease of Doing Business report is considered as the barometer of competitiveness that many businesses likely consider for investment decisions. The Ease of Doing Business ranking compares economies with one another and the “Distance to Frontier” (DTF) score benchmarks economies with respect to regulatory best practice. As a sign of a progressive nation, for the first time, World Bank ranked India at 100 among 190 countries.
Under Modi India registered an increase of 8.2 per cent in its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) during the first quarter of the financial year 2018-19. Buoyed by a strong performance in the manufacturing and farm sectors, the Indian economy grew and with the GDP growth figure of 8.2 per cent India is the fastest growing major economy in the world, clocking higher expansion rate than China’s 6.7 in the same quarter. The world’s second largest economy, China, reported a 6.7 per cent growth for June quarter compared with 6.8 per cent in March quarter. India's $2.6 trillion economy surpassed France's in 2017 to be the world's sixth largest, and it was not far before the United Kingdom, according to World Bank data.
'Agriculture, forestry and fishing', 'mining and quarrying', 'trade, hotels, transport, communication and services related to broadcasting', and 'financial, real estate and professional services' registered growth of 5.3 per cent, 0.1 per cent, 6.7 per cent, and 6.5 per cent respectively during this period. Manufacturing remained the best of the lot with its quarterly GVA at basic prices for the quarter growing by 13.5 percent as compared to growth of (-) 1.8 per cent in corresponding quarter previous fiscal. The next sector to show the most promise was construction, which grew by 8.7 per cent during the quarter under review as compared to growth of 1.8 per cent in Q1 2017-18.
India’s zooming ahead is a sure sign of recovery. Surely, the impressive growth is the reflection of several transformative changes brought in by the Modi government right from agriculture to manufacturing. The centre only hopes to sustain the momentum achieved and accelerate the growth further.
Modi government has undertook huge structural reforms like demonetisation, GST, Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, Benami Act, RERA and recapitalisation of banks to overcome those legacy issues.
In an attempt to move away from centralised planning, Modi government replaced the 64-year old Planning Commission and constituted the NITI Aayog with a new structure and focus on policy. NITI Aayog which stands for National Institution for Transforming India is now the sole policy think tank of the Government of India
Through NITI Aayog, the government aimed evolve a shared vision of national development priorities sectors and strategies with the active involvement of States. The government followed the norm of cooperative federalism by giving room to States to tailor schemes to suit their unique needs rather than be dictated to by the Centre. Many experts regarded the move as a mark of the new the socialist era breaking away from the conventional, redundant and archaic Planning Commission.
The new body, conceived more in the nature of a think-tank has been providing strategic and technical advice, is helmed by the Prime Minister. The permanent members of the governing council are all the state Chief Ministers, along with the Chief Ministers of Delhi and Puducherry, the Lieutenant Governor of Andaman and Nicobar, and a vice chairman nominated by the Prime Minister. In addition, temporary members are selected from leading universities and research institutions. These members include a chief executive officer, four ex-official members and two part-time members.
NITI Aayog has been vested with the responsibility of monitoring and evaluating the implementation of programmes. With the formation of NITI Aayog, Modi government achieved sustainable development goals and enhanced cooperative federalism by fostering the involvement of State Governments of India in the economic policy-making process using a bottom-up approach. As a result, NITI Aayog initiated a series of development process such as, “15 year road map”, “7-year vision, strategy and action plan”, AMRUT, Digital India, Atal Innovation Mission, Medical Education Reform, Agriculture reforms (Model Land Leasing Law, Reforms of the Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee Act, Agricultural Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index for ranking states), Indices Measuring States’ Performance in Health, Education and Water Management, Sub-Group of Chief Ministers on Rationalization of Centrally Sponsored Schemes, Sub-Group of Chief Ministers on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Sub-Group of Chief Ministers on Skill Development, Task Forces on Agriculture and Elimination of Poverty, and Transforming India Lecture Series.
In order to crack a whip against black money, fight counterfeit currency in circulation, formalisation of cash-dependent businesses, bringing back money lying idle in the banking system and hitting hard at the financial backbone of terrorism and naxalism, Modi government implemented “Demonetisation” on the midnight of 8th November 2016
The impact of demonetisation has been strongly felt across the country in many ways. Both businesses across the industry verticals and the general public were affected initially due to the note-ban. Indeed there are many positive outcomes as the demonetisation was inked with several objectives of the government.
While the announcement of demonetization took the entire citizens by surprise, it invited tremendous criticism from opposition parties
It was estimated that India’s shadow economy was thriving due to the fact that the major part of the SME sector was driven by cash-based operation. It was also estimated to be around 28 lakh crore roughly 30 percent of the GDP.
While it kept the wheels of Indian economy moving, it was pretty clear that existing tax system was not only inefficient but it also discouraged transparency and honesty. To upend the system that has been well entrenched across industries, Prime Minister Modi had to implement a short-term shock therapy that would eventually result in the formalization of the economy.
Much contrary to the criticism mounted by the opposition parties on demonetisation, a closer look on the scheme of things reveal that the Modi government acted methodically. The government first announced plans to open Jan Dhan bank accounts for everyone in the country and gave ample amount of time. Then the government gave two separate windows to people to declare black money stashed abroad and black money and undisclosed assets in the country with tax amnesty or fines.
Touted to be the mother of all reforms, the demonetisation move had some far reaching benefits despite strong criticism from opposition parties. In short demonetisation managed to reduce the ill-gotten wealth, corruption, hawala transactions, terrorism and fake currency to great extent. The government reiterated that India's financial system was being cleansed due to demonetisation
Demonetisation was India's highest-ever unearthing of black money and a good part of black money has been eliminated successfully. Post-demonetistion, the government also blocked many routes for black money formation. Besides, demonitisation led to a decisive blow to terrorism and Naxalism.
Post demonetisation more people are now ready to pay the taxes, which resulted in more revenue for Indian government. Also, with increased transparency, trust on Indian Economy has gone up many folds across the globe. With more transparency, more people keep their money in banks which results in more savings. With more money in banks, loans are available to more people. With increased loans, banks get better interests.
The introduction of Goods and Service Tax (GST) has been one of the most significant reforms of the Modi government. Considered as India's most ambitious tax reform, GST replaced an unwieldy patchwork of tariffs and created a single economic zone with common indirect taxes - something that neither the European Union nor the United States can boast. GST unified India’s $2 trillion economy and 1.3 billion people into a single market, bringing an end to trade barriers between more than 30 states and territories. The implementing of GST has created a single common market in India by subsuming several different taxes into a single tax and applicable pan-India. The move has helped in removing the cascading impact of different taxes.
With the introduction of GST, states earned more revenues, especially those that do not manufacture goods and rely on supply from other states. In other words, the disadvantage of certain states over others stands negated. For a country the size of a continent, its impact on the economy will be transformational.
At present, GST is a four-tier tax slab system and there are plans at reducing the number of slabs as the system stabilizes. Already GST has played a major role in improving and sustaining better growth rate year on year. The overall impact of GST on the Indian economy thus far has been positive and is expected to continue to do so in the long term.
Besides bringing in major reforms towards the betterment of the country, the Narendra Modi government has done away with many redundant and obsolete laws and made some existing ones simple to make lives of common people easier. Some of the small reforms undertaken by Modi government ( that literally went unnoticed ) are as follows:
Modi government decided that it is enough if the applicants self-attest the copies of the documents such as the birth certificates, mark sheets or any other documents for government-related work and no need to get documents attested by a gazetted officer or file affidavits.
Birth certificate not mandatory for passport
Modi government simplified the 1980 rule of securing passports by Indian citizens and scrapped the birth certificates as a mandatory document for availing passport. Now Aadhaar and PAN card are among a host of documents that could be used to establish proof of birth.
Modi government carried out certain reforms in the area of paying taxes in and simplified the process of filing tax returns. The IT Department started using modern enterprise resource planning (ERP) software to make the process automated. With the introduction of electronic payments of state insurance contributions and social security contributions, the time required to comply with tax liabilities came down significantly. Besides, the government’s concerted effort at improving tax compliance and bringing more people into the formal tax net, through steps such as the Income Declaration Scheme and demonetisation, seem to have had a positive impact. As a there has been a huge increase in the number of returns filed by taxpayers. The number of new income-tax filers alone increased nearly by a crore in 2017-18, up 26% from the previous year. The higher filings allowed the government to meet the direct tax collections target for the financial year and almost reach the slightly higher revised numbers for the year.
It is no denying fact that the Prime Minister Modi has created a true sense of optimism in the minds of the millions of ordinary Indian citizens through his astute leadership skills. After decades of corruption, nepotism and sycophancy, Prime Minister Modi has indeed shown that only good governance can really take India forward.
It is common practice that every year, mostly during the month of November, all pensioners have to provide life certificates to their bank so that they would continue to receive their pension. While most the these senior citizen visit bank branches and sign on the register as proof of living, many have found it difficult to be physically present, especially those who are not good health and suffering from age related issues, for signing in the register.
To do away with such a trauma, the government has taken steps to alleviate the pain by introducing “Jeevan Pramaan” , Digital Life Certificate for Pensioners Scheme. It is another excellent online service by the Modi government for the benefit of millions of pensioners in the country. “Jeevan Pramaan” is a biometric enabled digital service for pensioners. Pensioners of Central Government, State Government or any other Government organization can take benefit of this facility.
A pensioner can submit Aadhaar-based online life certificate through https://jeevanpramaan.gov.in. A successful authentication generates digital life certificate that gets stored in the Life Certificate Repository, which can be accessed by the pension disbursing agencies on-line. Jeevan Pramaan seeks to address the problem by digitizing the whole process of securing the life certificate and t aims to streamline the process of getting this certificate and making it hassle free and much easier for the pensioners. With this initiative the pensioners requirement to physically present himself/herself in front of the disbursing agency or the certification authority will become a thing of the past benefiting the pensioners in a huge way and cutting down on unnecessary logistical hurdles.